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What happened to adults in learning during the pandemic? IBE has the answer.

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High level of financial literacy among Polish youth

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Call for articles for a special issue of "Education"

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Social Exclusion of Youth in Europe: Cumulative Disadvantage, Coping Strategies, Effective Policies and Transfer (Except)

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Project description

The aim of this interdisciplinary and internationally comparative project is to provide a comprehensive understanding of the consequences of youth labour market vulnerability for risks of social exclusion in Europe. A multidimensional dynamic perspective on both objective and subjective dimensions of the social exclusion of young people is adopted in order to identify the complex interrelationships and potential risks of cumulative disadvantages and possible compensatory mechanisms.

The main project objectives:
1) Understanding the multi-faceted risks of social exclusion of youths
2) Studying youth’s multiple risks of social exclusion in a dynamic process and life course perspective
3) Bringing in the perspective of youth: self-perception and coping strategies
4) Policy evaluation
5) New ideas for policy improvement

Specifically, implications of labour market insecurities for youth’s risks of poverty and material deprivation, their subjective well-being and health status as well as their ability to reach independence from parental home are investigated in a mixed-method approach.  First, qualitative interviews are conducted with youths from nine selected European countries including Ukraine in order to reach an in-depth understanding of how disadvantaged youths perceive their social situation and try to cope with it
in different economic, institutional and cultural environments. Second, quantitative methods are applied using EU-28 and national micro-data in order to identify the causal interrelationships and dynamic processes of youth’s social exclusion in different national contexts. Third, the diffusion and effectiveness of EU and national policies that address various issues of youth social exclusion are assessed in EU-28 based on expert interviews and policy evaluation analyses. A central objective of this comparative project is to learn about examples of best practises and provide suggestions for reforms and policies that help improving the social situation of young people who face labour market insecurities and also involve youth own voice in this process. By involving and addressing different stakeholder groups at all stages of the project the dissemination of results will be ensured.

Start date: 01/05/2015         End date: 30/04/2018


22-24 February 2017

In 22nd -24th of February Educational Research Institute held a meeting of foreign partners participating in an international research project EXCEPT. The meeting started with a seminar on labor market policies directed at young people in Poland, followed by discussion of  specifics of the labor market problems affecting Polish youth,  and sources of mismatch between the structure of education and the needs of employers. The seminar was attended by representatives of Polish public administration, public policy analysts, evaluators and academics interested in the problems of the labor market and educational research.

The next two days of the meeting were devoted to discussions among project members. Polish researchers presented preliminary results of the report of qualitative research and analysis based on two sets of longitudinal data on the decision to leave the family home, autonomy, and economic situation of young people excluded from the labor market.

1 December 2016

The new report prepared by Polish team is now available on the project website. The report describes the socio-economic consequences of early job insecurity and unemployment of youth in Europe, referring to income poverty as well as objective and subjective material deprivation.

Results indicate that in most of the EU countries (except: the Netherlands, Malta, Estonia, Latvia and  Lithuania), young people are at the higher risk of poverty than people aged 30-59. Moreover  poverty rates of young people vary across Europe. The highest share of youth at the risk of poverty is in Greece, Romania, and Denmark the lowest in the Netherlands. It is also important to be mentioned that educational attainment is a very important factor associated with the risk of poverty.

The impact of the recent economic downturn on the material situation of youth was not uniform across the EU. The rate of youth living in severely materially deprived households decreased in Slovakia, Lithuania, Latvia, Poland and Bulgaria, while in majority of EU countries an opposite change happened, along with an increase of strong feelings of financial insecurity and instability.

The full text of the this working paper [download]

21-23 September 2016 a meeting of the EXCEPT project partners

On 21-23 September 2016 a meeting of the EXCEPT project partners was held in Sofia, where representatives of the Institute for Educational Research Institute (IBE) were also present. The meeting started with a speech of Deputy Minister of Labour and Social Policy, Danitsy Sachevy, then representatives of youth organizations, trade unions and a representative of the Bulgarian Chamber of Commerce took part in discussions. The opportunity to participate in such multilateral discussions was a good introduction to the specifics of the Bulgarian labor market and the problems experienced by young Bulgarians, who start their career.

On behalf of the ongoing analysis of effective tools of public policies supporting young people who experience difficulties in the labor market (component WP2), the project partners exchanged information on the effectiveness and efficiency of the solutions used in their countries. The Polish experiences in the field of public policies aimed at supporting youth were briefly reported by Jędrzej Stasiowski.

For the following days the discussion and presentation of current research conducted by national partners was scheduled.
Researchers summarized 10 months of field research, which was carried out in the framework of qualitative research component of the EXCEPT project. In 9 countries participating in the project, 384 individual in-depth interviews with young people were carried out. The researchers succeeded with meeting the assumptions of planned qualitative samples. Among the interviews, 46% was conducted with the young unemployed and the rest of them with working people - the majority of which remain in insecure situation on the labor market. The qualitative team is currently working on the analysis of collected materials. During the meetings, the researchers had the opportunity to exchange views and to plan future analysis.

Among other things, the researchers discussed the final structure of the national reports which will summarize results of qualitative research. The country WP3 reports, apart from a short introduction on the situation of young people on the national  labor market and the review of labor market policies in the country, will summarize analysis on all of the topics of the EXCEPT research project. The analysis will be focused on the consequences  of unemployment or insecure situation in the labor market on the different dimensions of young people’s life, including their financial situation,  entering adulthood and relationship with their parents, their health and satisfaction with life.

During the session dedicated to the WP 4 module, the results of research on the impact of labor market policies on the wellbeing and health of young unemployed, as well as the results of longitudinal studies were presented.Research carried out on Polish data suggests that the impact of job loss on the well-being and life satisfaction depends on the attitudes towards the role of work in life. Studies based on European data (EU-SILC) indicate that job loss also has negative consequences for the health of the other partner, and the effect varies between women and men. While, according to results of analysis based on the SHARE data, being unemployed while young have a long term effect on health later in life.

The work within EXCEPT’s module WP5, which is focused on the issues of youth’s autonomy, has just begun.  The EXCEPT researchers were introduced to the assumptions of the analysis which was planned for this module. On behalf of it, Polish team is preparing an article for a special edition of Socio-Economic Review on the situation of young people in Europe, the uncertainty in the labor market and autonomy. The text will be focused on the association between  real estate prices and the level of housing autonomy of young adults in Poland.
Our team presented the results of the work which was done for the module WP6, which is focused on the analysis of the economic and financial effects of labor market exclusion of young people. Magdalena Rokicka presented the key findings of our descriptive analyzes (the report will be completed soon). The risk of poverty among young people varies considerably between EU countries (it is the largest in Greece and Romania, and the lowest in the Netherlands). In most countries (except the Czech Republic, Latvia, Poland and Romania) the situation worsened after the financial crisis of 2008. The greatest risk of poverty or material deprivation applies to young people with lower levels of education.

Małgorzata Kłobuszewska presented the preliminary results of the multilevel models, where she analyzed the impact of national labor market policies and institutional conditions on the economic situation of the young unemployed or young people employed on temporary contracts. It turns out that in countries where expenditure on active and passive labor market policies are bigger (in terms of GDP share), young unemployed people are more protected against poverty, have greater satisfaction with their financial situation and are less excluded from social life for financial reasons. On the other hand, good economic situation of the country and strong presence of trade unions might be considered as protective factors against poverty of young temporary workers.

22.06.2016 – the meeting, june 2016

On 22nd June 2016 representatives of the participants of the EXCEPT project met with external project reviewers and an EC project officer to present the result and deliverables of the first year of the project. Reviewers positively evaluated the current project outcomes, and provided valuable suggestions and comments, which will be implemented in the next two years of the project duration.

10.05.2016 – Policy Brief, April 2016

The first year of our project is over and it is time to look at the first results. You can find them in a short publication: except-policy-brief.pdf

26.04.2016 - The Except fieldwork in Poland on its halfway

The Except project is not only about analysing quantitative data – at the same time we are conducting the qualitative field study.

Within last few months we have conducted more than 20 in-depth individual interviews with young people who are looking for a job or are already working. We are listening to their stories, we are trying to understand their ways of looking at work, becoming an adult or gaining an autonomy in their live. We ask about their plans for the future and ideas for a better public policies which aim to support youth entering labour market.

Our interviews were conducted in Warsaw, Łódź, Radziejów, Nakło nad Notecią but it is not the end. In the following months we are planning to visit many other places in Poland.

At the same time, our colleagues from the other countries participating in the EXCEPT project are speaking to youth while using the same interview outline. We strongly believe that the materials gathered during this fieldwork will allow us to address EXCEPT’s research problems with a better understanding of their real nature. We hope that the EXCEPT’s qualitative study will provide us with a new research hypotheses and will help with interpreting the results of the quantitative analysis.

At this point we would like to express our thanks to the following Polish institutions which helped us with the fieldwork’s organization – the District Employment Offices in Łódź, Radziejów and Nakło nad Notecią and the Single Mother House in Łódź.


In February we participated in another project meeting, this time organized in Bamberg. During two days of intensive discussions we had chance to get to know the preliminary results of work conducted in each of the workpage, and to discussion further step, and division of work for the upcoming research. We also gain from the presentations given by external guests – a coordinator of the CUPESSE project, representative of ICF, and researchers from the IAB.


Press releases on our first report from WP1:


Polish team has finalized work on the first working paper of the EXCEPT project. The paper entitled: “Composition and cumulative disadvantage of youth across Europe” provides a quantitative background for the further analytical analysis conducted in the project. The aim of the paper is to depict the situation of youth at the European labour market in a form of quantitative, comparative analysis based on the different sources of European sources (EU-LFS, EU-SILC,ESS).  The report interprets the situation on the labour market during three periods and it is built around three main research topics: labour market exclusion, insecure employment and the labour market transitions affecting recent school leavers. To read more:


Meeting in Turin (Italy) focused on the work of two groups: a qualitative researchers’ group and a leaders’ group. Qualitative researchers worked on the preparation of tools, and development of methodological approach for personal interviews foreseen in the WP3. Specific country context, and perspectives were taken into consideration, and common ground established for  an harmonized, yet an individualized approach.
On the leaders’ meeting  the hypotheses and the detailed tasks division in each of the project work-package were discussed. The discussion also concerned  the planned report on “Composition and cumulative disadvantage of youth across Europe”, which is currently being prepared by IBE team. Some conclusions are the base of work for the next weeks, and the final report by IBE team will be delivered by the end of October.

Photos by Magda Bolzoni.


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Kick off meeting was organized and held in Tallinn, Estonia. The detailed description of the each work package done by the leaders provided opportunities  to clarify the project objectives and to initiate discussion on the detailed project implementation. Whereas reach evenings program was a great opportunity to  get to know  and interact with other researchers engaged in the project.

Photos by Piret Räni.


Instytut Badań Edukacyjnych participates in a research project run
under the EU program Horizon 2020 in consortium of:

•    Tallinn University – leader of Consortium (Estonia),
•    Carl von Ossetzky Universitaet Oldenburg (Germany),
•    Universitaet Duisburg Essen (Germany),
•    Institute for the Study of Societies and Knowledge (Bulgaria),
•    Aristotelio Panepistimio Thessalonikis (Greece),
•    Universita degli Studi di Torino (Italy),
•    UMEA Universitet (Sweden),
•    University of Kent (United Kingdom),
•    International Civil Organisation Kyiv Economics Institute (Ukraine).



Magdalena Rokicka (leader)

economist (PhD, University of Essex), assistant professor at Educational Research Institute. Her research interests include: applied micro-econometric analysis of education, labour market, migration, and gender related issues.  Her previous research project  focuses on the impact of parental time and financial investments on child’s educational outcomes (A Study on the Economic Determinants for Objectives and Guidelines on Allocation of Private and Public Education Spending in Poland ‘BECKER, 2012-2014’. Currently she coordinates research conducted by  IBE within  the EXCEPT project

Małgorzata Kłobuszewska

Economist (PhD candidate, University of Warsaw), a researcher at the Educational Research Institute (IBE). She specializes in quantitative analysis, mainly applied micro-econometric analysis in the field of economics of education. Previously she coordinated exploratory study on parental expenditures on education in Poland and, together with Magdalena Rokicka, a part of the Study on the Economic Determinants for Objectives and Guidelines on Allocation of Private and Public Education Spending in Poland ‘BECKER, 2012-2014’. Her research interests include: parental expenditures on education, investment in human capital, vocational education.

Marta Palczyńska

Economist (PhD candidate, Warsaw School of Economics), a senior researcher at the Educational Research Institute (IBE). Her general research interests include economics of education and labour economics. Her current work covers issues around qualification and skills mismatches. She is involved in the research on cognitive competences based on PIAAC and SHARE data. She coordinates postPIAAC (POlish Follow-up STudy on the Programme for International Assessment of Adult Competencies) study at the moment.

Pawel Kubicki

PhD in Economics (Warsaw School of Economics) and MA in Sociology (University of Warsaw). He specializes in designing and realization of social research, both quantitative and qualitative. He has conducted several research projects. He cooperates with NGO's working for the benefit of the older people and people with disabilities. For several years he has been monitoring the implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. His current research interests include: public policy toward disability; unemployment and labour market; methodology of social research; local social policy; social exclusion; human rights.

Jędrzej Stasiowski

Sociologist, a senior researcher at the Educational Research Institute. He graduated from the Institute of Sociology at Warsaw University in 2009, currently working on the PHD thesis about social mechanisms of the perception of income inequalities. His research experience involves designing surveys and qualitative research, moderating IDI/FGI and running quantitative or qualitative data analysis. His research interests include: surveys methodology and mixed method approach, public policy analysis in the fields of education and labour market policies, social stratification, economic and health inequalities.


Beata Grzesiak

EXCEPT poster A3

In 22nd -24th of February Educational Research Institute held a meeting of foreign partners participating in an international research project EXCEPT. The meeting started with a seminar on labor market policies directed at young people in Poland, followed by discussion of  specifics of the labor market problems affecting Polish youth,  and sources of mismatch between the structure of education and the needs of employers. The seminar was attended by representatives of Polish public administration, public policy analysts, evaluators and academics interested in the problems of the labor market and educational research.

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